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知己知彼-韓製造業創新3.0 (2016-01-19 IEK產業情報網 )

The Korean government intends to continue its support for industrial development and innovation in mid-to-downstream as well as upstream sectors in relation to materials and components. The challenge in 2015 is to leverage the FTAs and strategic networks. FTAs present opportunities and advantages such as investments or acquisitions in the Chinese market.
Korean chaebols such as Samsung, LG and Hyundai are highly influential on the global scale. They are often the subject of case studies by industries and academics. In addition to electronics and automobiles, the Koreans are also known for their shipbuilding and petrochemical manufacturers. In order to continue its support to mid-to-downstream industries, the Korean government has been focusing on the upstream sectors in relation to materials and components and assisting in the innovation and development of manufacturers.
The Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy in Korea has set up a division dedicated to materials/components industry policies, by integrating the resources of electronic components, steel, chemicals,ceramic and fibers. Other industries at the same development stage are robotics, automotive, aerospace, shipbuilding & marine equipment and electronics & appliances. Policy support drives the development of the materials/components sectors, particularly by teaming up all the efforts of small and medium-sized enterprises. The goal is to develop strategic technologies in key materials and components and the integration of software.
In fact, transformation in manufacturing has been on the top of national agendas of many countries. All the major countries such as the US, Japan, Germany and China are competing in the race for industry innovations and upgrades by allocating policy resources to technological and industrial developments.
The President of South Korea, Park Geun-hye, launched a three-year program of economic reforms in 2014, hoping to improve the economic health, boost the creativity economy and balance the structure of exports and domestic sales.
The targets of the three-year economic reforms are to achieve 4% GDP growth in 2017, 70% employment rate and national per capita incomes of US$40,000. The challenge in 2015 is to leverage the economic advantages and opportunities in relation to FTAs and to boost the utilization of strategic networks. Therefore, the development of the Chinese market, export products and services are all critical elements of this program. In addition, Manufacturing Innovation 3.0 is integral to the success of the industrial developments in Korea.
Manufacturing Innovation 3.0 in Korea is a policy initiative to drive the innovation and convergence of manufacturing industries. Materials and components are one of the strategic focuses in the national agenda. This initiative includes the use of soft power to improve the weaknesses of Korean manufacturers in engineering, design and software. Extensive efforts are being made to invest in the development of critical components/materials and the long-term training of key personnel.
In terms of hard power, the goal is to overcome the problems of a lack of critical materials and components for Korean manufacturers. This also includes outward investments and M&A activities in China under the Korea-China FTA framework.
For instance, Toray from Japan has set up a Korean subsidiary, Toray Advanced Materials Korea, to produce carbon fibers. Solvay from Belgium has also invested in the production of silicone in Korea.
The Korean government places a strong emphasis on the long-term technological development, so that the materials and components sectors can be of greater value. The technology development scheme for market-leading materials and components was initiated in 2013, by pulling resources together from industry, academics and the government. This strategic plan covers the development schedules and utilization of key materials and components for different industries in 2016~2025.
Currently, the technologies for key materials and components are still owned by manufacturers from the US, Europe and Japan. However, the Korean government has decided to take its fate into its own hands by developing its own industry of materials and components. In addition to efforts to stabilize the economic foundations and balance the import/export structure via economic reforms, the government intends to create an emerging and competitive industry and hence job opportunities.
In contrast, Taiwan has not formulated specific strategies to promote the development of materials and components manufacturing capabilities. The Korean government’s policy initiatives to drive the industry development and competitiveness may serve as a lesson for Taiwan.

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