請選擇您需要的產業:  

智慧車輛 未來最重要的第三空間 (2019-11-26 IEK產業情報網 )

Automobiles are the showcase of our tastes and a symbol of our status. In the world of tomorrow, our smart cars will be our third most important space, outside our homes and offices.



Reclaiming Lost Time and Space
In the 2019 CES, LG indicated that the biggest value of AI is to help people save time and to find time. AI can assist in judgements or enhance the efficiency of connected devices. When AI is applied to smart vehicles, it can not only help people to reclaim time, but also empower them with a new space.
In smart vehicles of the future, the car body might be altered depending on the user’s requirements, but the chassis would be standard. For instance, Benz’s Vision Urbanetic is a conceptual fully-electric autonomous vehicle. The car body can be modified to meet requirements, but the chassis remains the same. The bus version can accommodate approximately 12 people, but if changed into a truck, it can cater to various logistic specifications. Panasonic’s SPACe does not require mechanical steering controls or motion mechanisms for connection between the body and the chassis. It can be changed to different designs for use in work, leisure and dining.
Going forward, the in-vehicle environment could also serve as offices. Users will be able to log on to social media or enjoy the high-definition entertainment programs. For example, Audi has been showcasing the entertainment mode in an autonomous car by combining VR and gaming to offer a fun experience for passengers. The concept cockpit developed by Hyundai offers five modes to switch between: driving, working, personal connections, multimedia and wide viewing angle.



Touch screen combined with control functionality to allow for flexibility in in-vehicle utilization
In a smart car, the steering wheel and the dashboard are optional. They can both be stowed away in the car body in the auto driving mode. This means the in-vehicle space can be used for meetings or interaction between passengers. The four seats in the car do not have to be fixed facing the front. Rather, they can all face the middle if required to allow flexibility in the use of space. Audi’s Aicon concept car has no traditional controls such as steering wheel, pedals or gear shift. Users enter the destination on the large touch screen and control the entertainment system with the same screen. Another example is Aisin’s i-mobility TYPE-C, with four rotating seats and a large screen in the middle for vehicle control and meeting discussions.
In addition to enhanced intelligence and flexibility to accommodate different purposes, smart vehicles will be able to tell the level of comfort felt by the drivers and the current mental status of the drivers. For instance, KIA’s concept car R.E.A.D., which stands for Real-time Emotion Adaptive Driving, is capable of analyzing the emotional status of the driver in order to adjust the internal environment to make the driver feel at home. Toyota’s ACES cockpit provides similar features to determine the status and mood of the driver through the monitoring of the driver’s eyes and sitting posture. It is able to slightly adjust the angle of the seats and the tightness of safety belts, change the ambient lighting and release aromas, or adjust the cockpit setup.



Smart cars are becoming a reality and an experience
Smart vehicles such as autonomous-driving passenger cars, mini-buses and trucks are already here. Many OEMs showcased their autonomous-driving cars in the 2019 CES. LIDAR is being used to enhance the sensing intensity on the vehicle edges, while sensor modules are being incorporated into the design of body shells, for better aesthetics and less impact on the environment.
Autonomous-driving mini-buses will play a pivotal role in the connection of city centers and surrounding areas. To avoid traffic congestion in the city center, a driver from the suburbs may park their car in a peripheral parking lot. While on route from their home to the parking lot, the autonomous-driving passenger vehicle will be communicating with the mini-bus. Once they reach the parking facilities, the shuttle mini-bus will arrive on cue to seamlessly pick up the driver/passenger and take them to their destination in the city.
Autonomous-driving trucks will be primarily used for the delivery of goods, vegetables & fruit, groceries and packages. They might be installed into existing models or embedded in other service equipment. It is also possible to come up with brand new designs to meet the requirements. As the cockpit will no longer be necessary, the vehicle body, facilities and interiors can be optimized for different applications.



A plethora of business opportunities for hardware and software of smart vehicles
Touch panels, press buttons, voice and gesture recognition are all components required for the human-machine interface which is linked to the AI-enabled smart seats and safety belts., Meanwhile, optical lenses, cameras, ultrasonic radars and LIDAR form the sensing system for the surroundings. The construction of high-speed connectivity networks is also required to facilitate real-time conferencing and high-definition entertainment content in the vehicle. It will be necessary to establish a 5G infrastructure and automobile chips in combination with algorithms empowering sensors and autonomous driving features. This will underpin the judgement by algorithms and the control by x-by-wire systems. All these factors will increasingly contribute to the development of smart vehicles.
The algorithms to interpret the mood and status of passengers, to ensure the precision of voice recognition (including the judgement of who has the right to control the vehicle) and the integration of heterogeneous architectures (such as information of images, radars, LIDAR and connectivity) will form an important part of the brain behind smart vehicles.
Taiwan boasts strong advantages in information and communication technology and has years of experience in supplying global OEMs with a diverse array of consumer and automobile electronics. Taiwanese manufacturers and research institutions have already developed multiple autonomous driving features. February 25, 2019 marked the opening ceremony of the Taiwan CAR Lab, the accelerator and the first closed environment for the testing of driverless cars in Taiwan, as well as a showcase of the prowess of Taiwanese manufacturers in the development of smart vehicles.
本文原刊載於IEK產業情報網,著作權為工研院產科國際所所有。
加密貨幣
比特幣BTC 9672.62 -261.81 -2.64%
以太幣ETH 245.31 -14.58 -5.61%
瑞波幣XRP 0.274310 0.05 21.74%
比特幣現金BCH 375.90 -40.04 -9.63%
萊特幣LTC 69.84 -5.31 -7.07%
卡達幣ADA 0.056656 -0.01 -9.57%
波場幣TRX 0.020400 0.00 -9.19%
恆星幣XLM 0.069101 -0.01 -7.96%
投資訊息
相關網站
股市服務區
行動版 電腦版
系統合作: 精誠資訊股份有限公司
資訊提供: 精誠資訊股份有限公司
資料來源: 台灣證券交易所, 櫃買中心, 台灣期貨交易所
依證券主管機關規定,使用本網站股票、期貨等金融報價資訊之會員,務請詳細閱讀「資訊用戶權益暨使用同意聲明書」並建議會員使用本網站資訊, 在金融和投資等方面,能具有足夠知識及經驗以判斷投資的價值與風險,同時會員也同意本網站所提供之金融資訊, 係供參考,不能做為投資交易之依據;若引以進行交易時,仍應透過一般合法交易管道,並自行判斷市場價格與風險。
請遵守台灣證券交易所『交易資訊使用管理辦法』等交易資訊管理相關規定本資料僅供參考,所有資料以台灣證券交易所、櫃買中心公告為準。 因網路傳輸問題造成之資料更新延誤,精誠資訊不負交易損失責任。